Brain sparing can be identified by Doppler assessment of various fetal vessels. The great value of this assessment lies within the premise that it can identify a fetus at risk for brain damage when the fetus is still healthy. No other test has ever been so reliable in our opinion. In contrast, fetal electronic monitoring (NST) has never been shown to prevent such damage reliably, and when such a test returns as abnormal, the risk for having already sustained some degree of fetal brain damage is almost 40%. At KOFINAS PERINATAL, fetal cardiovascular assessment by means of advanced Doppler technologies is the primary means of assessing fetal well-being, along with a fetal biophysical profile (assessment of fetal behavior by use of real-time ultrasound).