What is cerebral palsy?

Alexander Kofinas M.D.

Cerebral palsy, also known as spastic paralysis, is defined as a non-progressive motor deficit of early onset. This may occur in one or more limbs with paralysis, spasticity or problems of motor control representing some of the symptoms. Cerebral palsy is usually the result of brain damage caused by a lack of oxygen. Reasons for oxygen deficiency may vary but are often the result of poor placental function. Cerebral palsy affects 1 in 500 Ð 1000 neonates and its incidence has not decreased despite the millions spent annually for its prevention.